Security Camera Hacking

This post was inspired by some work we did almost two years ago, but never got around to fully documenting or reporting the issues to the vendor since this was just independent research. We wanted to have all of the attacks fully baked before reporting the issues, but then moved on to other projects. So I’ve decided to go back and redo all of the work on this to properly document everything. I will be blurring out any identifying information until the vendor has had a chance to respond, so for now I’ll just refer to the vendor as ‘CompanyX’.

So to bring us back to the start, we bought a midrange security camera around the end of 2014 performed a security deep-dive on it. We found some troubling issues including command injection and buffer overflow vulnerabilities, and more troubling, the means to call out to Chinese IP space for what appears to be remote control and patching capabilities.

The ultimate goal of the project is to determine if an unauthenticated, remote hacker could obtain complete control of the device. To do this, we broke the plan of action down into a few distinct phases:

Dynamic Analysis

What vulnerabilities could we discover through the UI or other network-based services?

Static Analysis (coming soon)

What could we learn from the vendor-supplied firmware, or any other files we may be able to pull off of the device’s on-board storage?

Physical Analysis (coming soon)

Can we pull the firmware off the device directly? Are there any debugging ports available for us?

Exploitation! (coming soon)

What could we do with the device given the vulnerabilities we discovered?

Let's us know what you think

Contact the author directly at @brkr19 if you have any questions or comments about this post!

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